public diplomacy, Social Media

Social Media, Diplomacy, and the Responsibility to Protect

This post also appears on as a part of CIC’s ongoing series on Twitter and Diplomacy.

Earlier this week, Jackson Diehl’s column in the Washington Post argued that the Obama Administration’s early diplomatic approach to Syria, coupled with its failure to intervene militarily during the ongoing civil war, represented a “catastrophic mishandling” of the crisis. Diehl, like others who have blamed the Administration for not intervening, lay the blood of the more than 30,000 civilians killed in the conflict on the hands of Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

Leaving aside the merits of the arguments for intervention (which, like Diehl’s, seem to take the ahistorical view that the U.S. can simply break up fights like Mike Tyson at a kindergarten recess), they point to the complexities of understanding the intersection of social media, diplomacy, and militarism in an era of Responsibility to Protect (R2P).

Ever since social media became a major part of the story of the Green Movement protests in Iran in 2009, many have argued that new media technologies not only have the power to help bring down dictators, as in Egypt last year, but also to pressure the international community to intervene and stop a regime’s violent oppression of its people. The dissemination of online videos depicting these abuses, spread via Twitter, Facebook, and other platforms, are supposed to not only rally citizens in those countries, but make it impossible for major powers in the West, especially, to turn a blind eye to the slaughter of thousands of innocent civilians.

As former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown said during those 2009 Iranian protests, “You cannot have Rwanda again because information would come out far more quickly about what is actually going on and the public opinion would grow to the point where action would need to be taken.”

Brown was widely ridiculed for his hyperbole. The Register’s Chris Williams wrote, “We’d like to see him try Twittering that to people in Sudan, or Northern Sri Lanka, or Somalia.” Today, one could add Bahrain and Syria to the list.

Yet Brown’s Rwanda allusion raises the issue of R2P and its relationship to social media-driven protests. At the 2005 United Nations World Summit, world leaders agreed in principle that the international community needs to be prepared to take military action to prevent a State from committing genocide or other crimes against humanity perpetrated against its people.

The Rwandan genocide weighed heavily on the Summit’s adoption of R2P as a guiding principle of international statecraft. The 1994 bloodletting, as well as the similar dawdling during the Balkan wars of the same decade, were seen as examples of diplomatic and military failures that led to the deaths of more than a million innocent people.

One of the reasons those genocides were allowed to happen, some felt, was because of the difficulty of documenting the atrocities in real time. There were, for example, very few journalists in Rwanda during the massacres, and according to former reporter and current scholar Allan Thompson, only one clandestine video of anyone actually being hacked to death was ever recorded. This is why Rwanda has been called a “Genocide without witnesses.” The assumption since then has been that had people seen the brutality in real time, world leaders in Paris, Washington, and elsewhere would have been pressured to intervene. As PM Brown’s comments 15 years later indicated, social media would provide those witnesses.

If this were true, it would dramatically reshape diplomacy. Some saw evidence of this in Egypt last year, when the Obama Administration initially responded to the protests in Tahrir Square tepidly – some said, too diplomatically – because Mubarak had been such a strong ally of the U.S. over the years. But those diplomatic ties snapped under pressure from Twitter and Facebook, according to this telling of events.

Shortly thereafter, the Administration invoked the spirit of R2P to join an international coalition to prevent Muammar Gaddafi from carrying through with his promise to massacre the residents of Benghazi through the implementation of a no-fly zone and other military actions.

In an era of social media, the story went, we would never again have a genocide without witnesses. Foreign governments in the West and elsewhere would not be able to withstand the public outcry that would come from seeing and reading first hand accounts of regime brutality. Diplomacy would be forever altered.

And yet… not so much.

Widespread documentation of violence has not prompted U.S. intervention in Bahrain or Syria.

Just taking the United States as an example (though we could easily choose others),  well-documented and horrific regime violence has not prompted the Obama Administration to intervene in Bahrain or Syria, to name two examples.

Diehl and others see this as a “catastrophic” failure. Yet the reality is far more complicated, on many levels

Start with the fact that social media’s role in shaping international policy responses to Egypt and Libya are still poorly understood. My colleagues Henry Farrell, Deen Freelon, Marc Lynch and I recently released a report funded by the U.S. Institute of Peace that found social media’s role in the Arab Spring protests of 2011 were probably greatly exaggerated. At least when it came to Twitter and other mechanisms for sharing links to reports of violence and protests, social media didn’t appear to have as much of an impact within those countries or in the region as some expected. They did, however, generate a lot of discussion around the world. Hence, we argued, these social media appeared to behave as less of a rallying cry than a megaphone.

This raises the possibility, however, that all of that retweeting of horrific videos of regime violence could lead to pressure on governments to intervene. Deen, Marc, and I are currently investigating whether that has been the case in Syria. Our interviews with policymakers and others will hopefully shed light on how much impact new media played in shaping diplomatic and military responses to those earlier Arab Spring crises, as well.

But there are reasons to be skeptical that social media can lead governments to intervene when they wouldn’t have in the absence of these technologies. To begin with, there is the simple fact that the U.S. hasn’t intervened in Syria militarily, much to the dismay of Diehl and others. Coupled with its relative silence during the Bahrain protests, this suggests an explanation familiar to international relations scholars and observers: States make foreign policy decisions based on their perceived interests, and these are much less susceptible to public pressure than domestic policy decisions. In the U.S. this is especially the case, in part because Americans don’t know (or care) much about foreign affairs, and press coverage of the topic is correspondingly, and vanishingly, scant, superficial, and episodic. (In general; clearly there are great foreign correspondents doing work that deserves greater exposure than their parent organizations will provide them.)

Ideally, States also make decisions based not on mismatched historical analogies (“Look! Hitler!” or “It’s just like Libya! Intervene!” or “No, wait, it’s just like Iraq! Run for your life!”), but rather based on the specifics of the case at hand. (In fact, however, research shows that policymakers frequently employ convenient historical examples to justify policy decisions they’ve already come to.) One question to ask would be, will intervention actually accomplish the goal at hand? Another might be, at what cost? And a third would be, how do we do know?

So where does that leave us in terms of understanding the intersection of social media, diplomacy, and intervention?

First, social media can create global witnesses to regime violence and genocide. If world leaders are going to take R2P seriously, then this could be an important tool in making that doctrine more than empty words. If nothing else, this witnessing can be crucial to accountability and justice in, say, war crimes trials, but also in not letting leaders off the hook for craven failures to act.

Second, diplomacy and policymaking can be greatly enhanced by social media. For instance, the growing sophistication of crowdsourcing verification of online videos and other means of what Patrick Meier calls “information forensics” can help separate truth from propaganda. It can also be used as a tool for diplomats to pressure regimes, by brandishing documentary evidence of their abuses, or to pressure others in the international community to join coalitions to stop those abuses.

At IPDGC’s “The Last Three Feet,” Rachel Graaf Leslie, recently a Public Affairs Officer in Bahrain, spoke on the U.S. Embassy’s experience interacting with Bahrainis on Facebook. 

Third, social media can aid diplomats in their effort to connect with citizens in other countries. We saw this in the creative and aggressive way that Amb. Robert Ford and the U.S. Embassy staff in Syria used social media to document abuses by the Assad regime before Ford was forced to leave the country. We also saw it in the way that the U.S. Embassy in Bahrain used their Facebook wall to host and engage in spirited conversations with people from different sides of that conflict. This is an important way in which social media are helping to more fully integrate public diplomacy into traditional diplomacy.

Finally, however, we are left with the limits of social media’s impact on diplomacy and policymaking. In the Syrian crisis, for instance, we still have problems with verification and propaganda in the online public sphere. And traditional questions about national interests and, especially, feasibility undercut interventionist sloganeering.

What that means is that social media have probably not fundamentally altered the foreign policy decision making process of world leaders to force intervention, but rather merely contributed to the range of data diplomats have at their disposal. This, however, is not always a bad thing, since intervention is one of those things that’s easier said than done. In fact, it could simply mean that effective diplomacy is all the more important.

About these ads

About Sean Aday

Sean Aday is an associate professor of media and international affairs at George Washington University. He is also the director of the Institute for Public Diplomacy and Global Communication and director of the Global Communication M.A. Program. His research interests include: media and foreign policy/war, new media and politics, public diplomacy, media effects, and public opinion.


29 thoughts on “Social Media, Diplomacy, and the Responsibility to Protect

  1. The genocide of the Tutsi of Rwanda (April-July 1994) was hardly a genocide with no witnesses. There were delegates from the ICRC who remained for these three months and at the end of April the ICRC President issued the most strongly worded statement in its history explaining exactly what was happening. The UN peacekeepers of UNAMIR reported daily. There are no excuses here for politicians to claim they did not know. The failure of the press was at editorial level. In the western press the events in former Yugoslavia took news priority. Linda Melvern

    Posted by Linda Melvern | October 19, 2012, 7:19 pm
  2. These days you may find that it splash film is easy
    to clean and will not attract dust. All we ask our splash back
    tiles to be fitted by a firm with a wealth of experience and the
    ability to create stunning bespoke splash back tiles.
    The various colors and styles to blend with
    any type of kitchens and bathrooms dcor.

    Posted by | February 21, 2014, 5:16 am
  3. Great info. Lucky me I found your blog by chance (stumbleupon).
    I have saved as a favorite for later!

    Posted by หางานพิเศษ | February 22, 2014, 3:40 am
  4. I was recommended this website by my cousin.

    I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else
    know such detailed about my trouble. You are incredible! Thanks!

    Posted by เกมส์ต่อสู้ผ่านด่าน | February 24, 2014, 4:43 am
  5. Hi everyone, it’s my first go to see at this web site, and article is in
    fact fruitful designed for me, keep up posting these
    types of posts.

    Posted by | February 24, 2014, 4:55 am
  6. Aw, this was an exceptionally nice post. Taking a few minutes and actual effort to produce a
    top notch article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a lot and never manage to get
    anything done.

    Posted by หาเงิน | February 24, 2014, 5:08 am
  7. I do not even understand how I stopped up
    here, but I assumed this publish was once good. I do not recognise
    who you’re but certainly you are going to a famous blogger when you aren’t already.


    Posted by best electric smoker | February 26, 2014, 4:03 am
  8. I am sure this paragraph has touched all the internet viewers, its really really pleasant post on building up new webpage.

    Posted by วิธีรักษาฝ้า | February 27, 2014, 3:45 am
  9. Great article! We are linking to this great article on our
    website. Keep up the good writing.

    Posted by Rasierer Vergleich | February 27, 2014, 3:49 am
  10. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon
    your site and in accession capital to assert that
    I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I
    will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement
    you access consistently rapidly.

    Posted by งานพิเศษ เสาร์ อาทิตย์ | February 27, 2014, 3:17 pm
  11. Good day! I just want to give you a big thumbs up for your great information you’ve got right here on
    this post. I’ll be returning to your website for more soon.

    Posted by Smartphone Tarife Vergleich | February 27, 2014, 7:50 pm
  12. Asking questions are truly fastidious thing if you are not understanding anything entirely,
    however this post gives fastidious understanding yet.

    Posted by Sky Angebote 2014 | March 5, 2014, 2:11 am
  13. Thanks for another informative site. The place else may just I get that
    type of info written in such an ideal approach? I have
    a venture that I am just now operating on, and I have been at the look out for such information.

    Posted by Klicken Sie auf Startseite | March 6, 2014, 4:40 pm
  14. I have been browsing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like
    yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if
    all web owners and bloggers made good content as
    you did, the internet will be a lot more useful than
    ever before.|
    I couldn’t refrain from commenting. Perfectly written!|
    I will immediately snatch your rss as I can’t in finding your email subscription hyperlink or newsletter service.

    Do you have any? Kindly allow me know in order that I may just subscribe.

    It’s perfect time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy.
    I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you some interesting things
    or suggestions. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I desire to read more things about it!|
    It is the best time to make some plans for
    the future and it’s time to be happy. I have read this put up and if I could I want to recommend
    you few interesting issues or suggestions.
    Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I want to learn more issues about it!|
    I have been browsing online more than 3 hours as of late, yet
    I by no means discovered any fascinating article like yours.
    It’s beautiful value enough for me. In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made excellent content as you did,
    the web might be much more helpful than ever before.|
    Ahaa, its fastidious discussion regarding this paragraph here at this web site, I have
    read all that, so at this time me also commenting at this
    I am sure this paragraph has touched all the internet people, its really really pleasant piece of writing
    on building up new weblog.|
    Wow, this piece of writing is pleasant, my younger sister is analyzing these things, so I am going to let know her.|
    Saved as a favorite, I really like your web site!|
    Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you
    penning this post plus the rest of the website is also very good.|
    Hi, I do believe this is a great web site. I stumbledupon it ;) I’m going
    to come back once again since i have book marked it.
    Money and freedom is the greatest way to
    change, may you be rich and continue to help others.|
    Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this blog.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s hard to get that “perfect balance” between user friendliness and visual
    appeal. I must say you have done a very good job with this.
    Also, the blog loads very quick for me on Safari. Outstanding Blog!|
    These are in fact great ideas in about blogging. You have touched some nice factors here.
    Any way keep up wrinting.|
    I really like what you guys tend to be up too. This kind of
    clever work and reporting! Keep up the great
    works guys I’ve you guys to my own blogroll.|
    Hi! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website
    with us so I came to take a look. I’m definitely loving the information.
    I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers!

    Wonderful blog and wonderful design.|
    I love what you guys are up too. This sort of clever work and coverage!

    Keep up the fantastic works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to
    our blogroll.|
    Howdy would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m looking to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a hard time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most
    blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique. P.S Sorry for
    being off-topic but I had to ask!|
    Hey there would you mind letting me know which webhost you’re
    working with? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most.
    Can you recommend a good hosting provider
    at a fair price? Thank you, I appreciate it!|
    I like it whenever people come together and share views. Great website, stick with it!|
    Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.
    Look advanced to far added agreeable from you!

    By the way, how could we communicate?|
    Howdy just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your post seem to be running off the
    screen in Ie. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to
    do with browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let you know.
    The layout look great though! Hope you get the problem resolved soon.
    Many thanks|
    This is a topic that is close to my heart…
    Cheers! Exactly where are your contact details though?|
    It’s very effortless to find out any topic on web as compared to
    textbooks, as I found this post at this website.|
    Does your site have a contact page? I’m having problems locating
    it but, I’d like to shoot you an e-mail. I’ve got some recommendations for
    your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great
    website and I look forward to seeing it grow over
    Hey there! I’ve been reading your site for a long time now and
    finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Austin Texas!

    Just wanted to say keep up the fantastic work!|
    Greetings from Ohio! I’m bored to death at work so I decided
    to check out your site on my iphone during lunch break.
    I really like the info you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.
    I’m surprised at how fast your blog loaded on my mobile ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, awesome site!|
    Its like you learn my mind! You appear to know so much
    approximately this, such as you wrote the guide in it or something.

    I feel that you just can do with a few percent
    to force the message home a bit, but other than that, that is
    fantastic blog. A fantastic read. I will certainly be
    I visited various websites except the audio quality
    for audio songs current at this web site is genuinely superb.|
    Hi there, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and
    i was just curious if you get a lot of spam comments?
    If so how do you reduce it, any plugin or anything you can suggest?
    I get so much lately it’s driving me crazy so any help is
    very much appreciated.|
    Greetings! Very useful advice within this article!
    It’s the little changes which will make the biggest changes.
    Thanks a lot for sharing!|
    I absolutely love your site.. Excellent colors & theme.
    Did you build this web site yourself? Please reply back as I’m wanting to create my own
    personal website and want to learn where you got this from or just what
    the theme is called. Many thanks!|
    Hi there! This post could not be written any better!
    Going through this post reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He always kept preaching about this. I most certainly will send this information
    to him. Pretty sure he’ll have a great read. Thanks for sharing!|
    Wow! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a totally different subject but it has pretty much the same layout and design.
    Wonderful choice of colors!|
    There’s definately a great deal to find out about this topic.
    I really like all the points you made.|
    You made some decent points there. I looked on the internet to find out more
    about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this website.|
    Hi there, I check your new stuff like every week. Your humoristic style is awesome, keep up
    the good work!|
    I just could not leave your website prior to suggesting that
    I extremely enjoyed the standard information a person provide for your visitors?
    Is going to be back incessantly in order to investigate cross-check new posts|
    I want to to thank you for this great read!! I definitely
    loved every bit of it. I’ve got you bookmarked to look at
    new stuff you post…|
    Hi, just wanted to say, I loved this blog post. It was inspiring.

    Keep on posting!|
    I drop a leave a response each time I like a post on a website or if I have something to valuable to contribute to the conversation.
    It is a result of the sincerness communicated in
    the article I browsed. And on this article Social Media, Diplomacy, and the Responsibility to Protect | Take Five.

    I was moved enough to post a thought :-P I actually do have a
    couple of questions for you if it’s allright. Could
    it be only me or do a few of these comments look as if they
    are left by brain dead folks? :-P And, if you are writing at other social sites, I’d like to follow you.
    Would you list every one of your communal sites like your Facebook page, twitter feed, or linkedin profile?|
    Hello, I enjoy reading all of your article post.
    I like to write a little comment to support you.|
    I always spent my half an hour to read this blog’s posts
    all the time along with a mug of coffee.|
    I constantly emailed this weblog post page to all my friends, for the reason that if
    like to read it then my friends will too.|
    My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from
    PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the
    costs. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on numerous websites for
    about a year and am anxious about switching
    to another platform. I have heard excellent things about
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it?
    Any help would be really appreciated!|
    Hi! I could have sworn I’ve visited this website
    before but after browsing through a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me.
    Nonetheless, I’m definitely pleased I discovered it and
    I’ll be book-marking it and checking back often!|
    Terrific work! This is the kind of info that are supposed
    to be shared across the internet. Shame on the search engines
    for not positioning this put up higher! Come on over and consult with
    my site . Thank you =)|
    Heya i am for the first time here. I came across
    this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out a lot.

    I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.|
    Hi, I do believe your site may be having internet browser compatibility issues.

    Whenever I take a look at your site in Safari, it looks fine
    however, if opening in IE, it’s got some overlapping issues.
    I merely wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Apart from that,
    wonderful blog!|
    A person essentially lend a hand to make critically
    posts I would state. This is the very first time I frequented your website page and up to now?
    I amazed with the research you made to create this particular put up extraordinary.
    Fantastic activity!|
    Heya i’m for the primary time here. I found this board and I find It truly
    useful & it helped me out much. I am hoping to give one thing
    back and aid others like you aided me.|
    Hi there! I simply want to give you a big thumbs up for your great info you’ve got right here on
    this post. I will be returning to your blog for more soon.|
    I every time used to study post in news papers but now as I
    am a user of internet therefore from now I am using net for articles, thanks to web.|
    Your way of telling everything in this post is really nice,
    every one be able to effortlessly be aware of it, Thanks a
    Hi there, I found your site by way of Google while looking for a
    related topic, your web site got here up, it seems to
    be good. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hello there, just changed into alert to your blog through Google,
    and located that it is truly informative. I’m going to be careful for brussels.
    I’ll appreciate for those who continue this in future.
    Lots of people will probably be benefited out of your writing.

    I’m curious to find out what blog platform you’re
    using? I’m experiencing some small security problems with my latest site and I would like to
    find something more safeguarded. Do you have any solutions?|
    I am extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your
    blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?

    Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it’s
    rare to see a great blog like this one nowadays.|
    I’m extremely impressed together with your writing talents as smartly as with the
    layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it your self?

    Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it’s uncommon
    to see a great blog like this one nowadays..|
    Hi, Neat post. There is an issue with your website in internet
    explorer, would test this? IE still is the marketplace leader and
    a good component to folks will pass over your magnificent writing because of this problem.|
    I am not sure where you’re getting your information, but great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
    Thanks for great information I was looking for this information for my mission.|
    Hello, i think that i saw you visited my web site so i came to “return
    the favor”.I’m trying to find things to enhance my site!I suppose its ok to use
    {some of|a few\

    Posted by wholesale military phone | March 7, 2014, 11:56 am
  15. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your blog and
    check again here regularly. I’m quite certain I’ll learn lots of new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

    Posted by Fashion Reviews | March 7, 2014, 1:05 pm
  16. What’s up, after reading this remarkable post i am also delighted to share my experience
    here with friends.

    Posted by fanpage | March 7, 2014, 9:59 pm
  17. Hello, i feel that i noticed you visited my weblog so i got here to
    return the want?.I am trying to to find issues to improve my website!I
    assume its adequate to use some of your concepts!!

    Posted by | March 9, 2014, 1:36 pm
  18. Very soon this website will be famous among all blogging viewers, due to it’s nice articles
    or reviews

    Posted by cordless vacuum reviews | March 12, 2014, 5:12 am
  19. That is very interesting, You’re a very professional blogger.
    I have joined your feed and look forward to in search of more
    of your excellent post. Also, I have shared your web site in my social networks

    Posted by best rated washer and dryer | March 12, 2014, 7:45 am
  20. Superb post but I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this topic?
    I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit more.


    Posted by best popcorn | March 13, 2014, 9:59 am
  21. The salary also depends on the size and location of the
    company that they are working for. A teleconference on the Directors Association’s
    web site suggested service themes. Don’t Be Afraid to Ask about More Affordable Options.

    Posted by | March 17, 2014, 9:45 am
  22. Hi, I wish for tto subscribe foor this blog to take hotest updates, so where caan i do it please help out.

    Posted by win lotto system | March 18, 2014, 5:25 am
  23. Nice answers in return of this issue with real arguments and explaining the whole thing on the topic of that.

    Posted by Jerri | March 20, 2014, 12:24 am
  24. For the artistic vacationer, there are more than 20 art galleries located within the Deer Valley area.

    Camouflage outfits will have swimwear, hats, sweat clothes as well as other accessories.
    They therefore require clear prior knowledge of an safe
    exit route.

    Posted by marmot | March 20, 2014, 11:10 am
  25. Payday Mortgage Solutions ‘ Effortless Loan Offered For Everyone ‘Teen Mom’ Star
    Gary Shirley Is Instructing Leah How To Conserve Money No Work Verification
    Funds Progress Loans

    Posted by przetargi friko | March 23, 2014, 1:40 pm
  26. Greetings! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website?
    I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at
    options for another platform. I would be great if you
    could point me in the direction of a good platform.

    Posted by | March 26, 2014, 7:50 pm
  27. Asking questions are genuinely fastidious thing if you are
    not understanding anything totally, except this piece of writing gives nice
    understanding even.

    Posted by 27 inch slide in range | March 27, 2014, 8:19 am
  28. Superb blog! Do you have any helpful hints for aspiring writers?

    I’m planning to start my own site soon but I’m a little lost on everything.

    Would you recommend starting with a free platform like WordPress or
    go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there
    that I’m completely confused .. Any recommendations?
    Bless you!

    Posted by Check This Out | April 13, 2014, 3:25 am
  29. You have made some good points there. I checked
    on the internet for additional information about the issue and
    found most people will go along with your views on this site.

    Posted by | April 14, 2014, 5:53 pm

Leave a Reply. We value your comments.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

IPDGC’s twitter feed


Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 109 other followers